Body Mass Index and fat composition of Igbo women in Maiduguri, Nigeria

Ifeoma Favour Okechukwu, Musa Samaila Chiroma, Nathan Isaac Dibal


Background: The study is aimed at classifying the Body mass index (BMI) of Igbo women resident in Maiduguri and correlating between their BMI and hip circumference.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 150 Igbo women between 25-40 years resident in Maiduguri. The height, weight, upper arm circumference, hip circumference, abdominal and upper arm skin folds of subjects were measured. BMI was calculated by dividing the weight (kg) by the height (m²). One way analysis of variance was used to determine the mean difference between groups while Pearson’s linear correlation was used to determine correlation co-efficient. Data were expressed as Mean±Standard Deviation (SD) and P <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The result showed that Igbo women in Maiduguri have an upper arm circumference, hip circumference, height and weight of 26.24±0.590 cm, 34.26±3.96 cm, 2.49±0.22 m² and 74.50±13.34 kg respectively with an upper arm and abdominal skin fold of 7.50±1.75 kcal and 8.10±1.25 kcal respectively. From the subjects studied, (0.6%) were underweight, (15%) were normal, while 73.3% were overweight/obese. The result also showed a correlation co-efficient (r) of 0.1951 between upper arm and hip circumference, 0.1758 between upper arm circumference and weight, 0.0001 between weight and hip circumference and 0.2368 between hip circumference and BMI.

Conclusion: From the sample studied, 83.3% were overweight/obese placing them at risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes and hypertension which are more common in obese persons. Hip circumference is not a predictor of BMI in Igbo women resident in Maiduguri.


Keywords: Body Mass Index, Fat composition, hip circumference and abdominal skinfold.

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DOI Prefix: 10.20286