Body Mass Index and fat composition of Igbo women in Maiduguri, Nigeria

Ifeoma Favour Okechukwu, Musa Samaila Chiroma, Nathan Isaac Dibal

Abstract


Background: The study is aimed at classifying the Body mass index (BMI) of Igbo women resident in Maiduguri and correlating between their BMI and hip circumference.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 150 Igbo women between 25-40 years resident in Maiduguri. The height, weight, upper arm circumference, hip circumference, abdominal and upper arm skin folds of subjects were measured. BMI was calculated by dividing the weight (kg) by the height (m²). One way analysis of variance was used to determine the mean difference between groups while Pearson’s linear correlation was used to determine correlation co-efficient. Data were expressed as Mean±Standard Deviation (SD) and P <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The result showed that Igbo women in Maiduguri have an upper arm circumference, hip circumference, height and weight of 26.24±0.590 cm, 34.26±3.96 cm, 2.49±0.22 m² and 74.50±13.34 kg respectively with an upper arm and abdominal skin fold of 7.50±1.75 kcal and 8.10±1.25 kcal respectively. From the subjects studied, (0.6%) were underweight, (15%) were normal, while 73.3% were overweight/obese. The result also showed a correlation co-efficient (r) of 0.1951 between upper arm and hip circumference, 0.1758 between upper arm circumference and weight, 0.0001 between weight and hip circumference and 0.2368 between hip circumference and BMI.

Conclusion: From the sample studied, 83.3% were overweight/obese placing them at risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes and hypertension which are more common in obese persons. Hip circumference is not a predictor of BMI in Igbo women resident in Maiduguri.

 

Keywords: Body Mass Index, Fat composition, hip circumference and abdominal skinfold.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Okereke CE, Anyaehie UB, Dim CC, Iyare EE, Nwagha UI. Evaluation of some Anthropometric indices for the diagnosis of Obesity in pregnancy in Nigeria: a cross-sectional study. Afr. Health Sci. 2013; 13(4): 1034-1040. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v13i4.25.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Anthropometry http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/anthropometry/default.html accessed December 5, 2016.

Odili VU, Egor FO, Osarenmwinda IM, Obieche AO. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Pharmacy students in a University in Benin City, Nigeria. Trop. J. Pharm. Res. 2014; 13(12): 2109-2114. doi: 10.4314/tjpr.v13i12.23.

Leitzmann MF, Moore SC, Koster A, Harris TB, Park Y, Hollenbeck A, Schatzkin A. Waist Circumference as compared with Body Mass Index in predicting Mortality from specific causes. PLoS ONE 2011; 6(4): 1-8. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018582.

Innocent O, ThankGod OO, Sandra EO, Josiah IE. Correlation between Body Mass Index and Blood Glucose levels among some Nigerian Undergraduate. HOAJ Biol. 2013; 2:1-4. doi:10.7243/2050-0874-2-4.

Akinola OB, Omotoso OG, Akinlolu AA, Ayanghemi KB. Identification of the Anthropometric Index that best correlates with fasting Blood Glucose and BMI in Post-Pubescent female Nigerians. Anat. J. Afr. 2014; 3(2): 324-328.

Akaloro-Anthony SN, Willett WC, Spiegelman D, Adebamowo CA. Obesity Epidemic has emerged among Nigerians. BMC Public Health 2014; 14: 1-9. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-455.

Luke A, Durazo-Arvizu R, Rotimi C, Prewitt TE, Forrester T, Wilks R, Ogunbiyi OJ. Et al. Relationship between Body Mass Index and Body fat in Black population samples from Nigeria, Jamaica and the United States. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1997; 145(7): 620-628.

Oladipo GS, Akande PA, Anugweje KC, Osogba IG. Waist Circumference and waist-to-hip ratio in adult Igbo’s of Nigeria: Interrelation with risk of Cardiovascular Disease. Cur. Res. J. Biol. Sci. 2011; 3(2): 82-87.

Ekpenyong C, Akpan E. Contextual trend in preventing obesity epidemic in developing countries: role of the key players. Eur. J. Prev. Med. 2013; 1(1): 20-31. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20130101.12.

Lin T, Courtney TK, Lombardi DA, Verma SK. Association between Sedentary Work and BMI in a U.S. National Longitudinal Survey. Am. J. Prev. Med. 2015; 49(6):e117–e123. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.07.024.

Choi B, Schnall PL, Yang H, Dobson M, Landsbergis P, Israel L, Karasek R, Baker D. Sedentary Work, Low Physical Job Demand, and Obesity in US Workers. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2010; 53 (11):1088-101. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20886.

World Health Organization and United Nation’s Children Fund. WHO Child growth standards and the identification of severe acute malnutrition in infants and children. A joint statement by WHO and UNICEF. http://www.int/nutrition/publications/severemalnutrition/en 2009; accessed 18th October, 2016.

Brown KH, Nyirandutiye DH, Jungjohann S. Management of children with acute malnutrition in Resource-poor settings. Nat. Rev. Endocrinol. 2009; 5(11): 597-603. doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2009.194.

Nyirandutiye DH, Ag Iknane A, Fofana A, Bronw KH. Screening for acute childhood malnutrition during the national nutrition week in Mali increases treatment referrals. PLoS ONE 2011; 6(6):e14818. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014818.

Tang HM, Dong K, Deitchler M, Chung M, Maalouf-Manasseh Z, Tumilowicz A, Wanke C. use of cutoffs for mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) as an indicator or predictor of nutritional and health related outcomes in Adolescents and Adults: A systematic Review. Food and Nutrition Technical Assisted III Project (FANTA) fhi360.

Huxley R, Mendis S, Zhelenzyyakov E, Reddy S, Chan J. Body Mass Index, waist circumference and waist hip ratio as a predictor of cardiovascular risk- a review of the literature. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2010; 64(1): 16-22. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2009.68

WHO. Waist circumference and waist hip ratio: Report of WHO expert consultation, Geneva, 8-11 December 2008.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Nova Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences ISSN 2292-793X (Online) Published by Nova Pub inc.

Nova Explore Publications
is a member of CrossRef.
DOI Prefix: 10.20286