Effectiveness of Self-Care Education on Increasing Psychological Well-Being and Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Tara Moghaddasfar, Reza Tajabadi, Neda Vahed, Fereydoun Mohebbi


 Background:  Education is an Essential element in the treatment of patients with Type 2 Diabetes.The key objectives and fundamental of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of self-care education on increasing the psychological well-being and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Materials and Methods: The present study is a clinical trial with the group receiving the self-care education (the experimental group) and the non-treated group (control group). In this research, a pretest-posttest design with random placement was used 40 patients with type 2 diabetes (25 males and 15 females) were randomly selected and assigned to experimental (n=20) and control (n=20) groups. Participants in the experimental group received 8 sessions (90 minutes per session) self-care education. Data collection tools in this research are: World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire and psychological well-being questionnaires. Covariance analysis were used to analyze the data. In this research, all ethical issues are observed.

Result: statistical test in this study implies that Self-care education has been increasing psychological well-being. changes for subsets of environmental mastery, personal growth and purpose in life were 0.56, 0.58, 0.23, respectively. For example, 56% of changes Positions control caused by self-care education. The "practical significance" of the experimental group for the variables of physical components and psychological components was 0.47 and 0.53 respectively

Conclusion: Self-care education for a patient with Type 2 Diabetes includes interventions that are multidisciplinary and in all levels of health care. This study showed that the implementation of self-care educational program significantly increases the quality of life score and quality of life assessment and health status of type 2 diabetic patients.

Keywords: Self-care, Psychological well-being, Quality of Life, Education

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DOI Prefix: 10.20286