The Effectiveness of Life Skills Training on Psychological Symptoms and Coping Strategies in Opioid dependent patients

Tara Moghaddasfar, Reza Tajabadi, Neda Vahed, Fereydoun Mohebbi

Abstract


Background: Life skills are abilities needed to provide the groundwork for effective stress management and presentation of positive behaviors. The impact of life skills training on raising the level Social adjustment, interpersonal communication, problem-solving skills and coping strategies and increase mental health has been confirmed. The purpose of this research is the Effectiveness of Life Skills Training on Reducing Psychological Symptoms in opioid dependent patients.

Materials and Methods: The type of present study is clinical testing that has used Quasi-Experimental Research Methodpre-test and after test by random assignment. The statistical society of this research are all misusers of narcotics, who referred to the National Centre for drug abuse of Tehran that were chosen at random. In this sense, according to exit and entry scale in the study, 40 patients (men) were selected randomly and (20) were in test group, and (20) in control group. Participants in test groupthe group received 8 sessions (each session 90 minutes) of Life Skills Training. The means of data gathering in this research includen: Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ)  & Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI).Finally data using SPSS statistical software and the descriptive statistics methods (means, standard deviation, the variance) and the inference statistics (analyze of Covariance) were analyzed.

Result: the results of this study showed, the effectiveness of the experimental group "practical significance" for aggression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, physical complaints and depression was 0.24, 0.45, 0.23, 0.28, and 0.57, respectively.38% of changes in emotional coping and 53 of the changes in problem-based coping were due to life skills training in opiate addicted patients.

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that psychological intervention is an inevitable part of treatment of addiction. Life skills training can reduce psychological symptoms and improve coping strategies in opioid dependent patients.

Keywords: Life Skills , Psychological Symptoms ,Coping Strategies , opioid dependent patients.


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DOI Prefix: 10.20286