Investigating the Effect of Self-Care Education on Medical adherence and Self-Efficacy in Patients with Glaucoma referring to Tehran University of Medical Sciences’ Hospital

Azita Mehrbakhsh, Beheshteh Tabarsy, Mohammad Kazem Naeeni, Zohre Parsa Yekta


Background :Unpredictability and chronic nature of the disease, glaucoma, Affects the quality of life and self-efficacy of patients.our main Purpose in this Research is Investigating the Effect of Self-Care Education on medical adherence and Self-Efficacy in Patients with glaucoma referring to the selected hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (2017).

 Materials and Methods:  The present study is Before & After Clinical Trial with Pre - Post Test design and no control group. The statistical population of this study included all patients with glaucoma referred to the selected hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. A total of 30 patients with glaucoma were selected by simple random sampling. for examination group ,6 sessions of self-care education (45-60 minutes each session) were performed with 3 days intervals according to the protocol and booklet prepared. the data collection tool was self-efficacy and medical adherence questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22, descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and dependent this study, all ethical issues were observed and the authors of the research did not report any conflicts of interest.

Results: The findings showed that the value of t obtained from self-care education, for medical adherence variables (3.74) and self-efficacy (5.7) in patients with glaucoma, it is significant (P <0.05).

Conclusion: Self-care education as an evidence-based approach, low cost and effective, has a significant role in increasing the self-efficacy and drug compliance of patients with glaucoma.

Keywords: Self-care, Medical adherence, Self-Efficacy, Glaucoma, Education

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