Anatomical Study of the Nerve Supply of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Distal Forelimb with a Special Reference to the Cutaneous Innervation

Jamal Allouch

Abstract


Introduction: The aim of this study was described the nerve supply of the distal forelimb to facilitate access to nerve block in dromedary camels foot. This work showed numerous branches of the radial, ulnar and median nerves were supplied the dorsal and palmer aspects of the metacarpus and the axial and abaxial surfaces of the third and fourth digits.

Material and Methods: Ten distal forelimb from slaughtered adult of one-humped camels of both sexes and different ages, 4-6 years were used in this study. The forelimbs were preserved in 10% formalin about one week, then the skin was removed, the nerves gently rubbed with a gauze pieces immersed in 1% glacial acetic acid to remove the tissue surrounding the nerves of the distal forelimb.

Results: This study has shown the numerous branches of the radial nerve supplied the skin of the dorsal surface of the metacarpus and the abaxial aspect of the third digit. While the ulnar nerve gave many branches along its extension to the skin of the palmar surface of the metacarpus and the dorso-abaxial and palmarabaxial surfaces of the fourth digit and the interdigital surfaces. The median nerve gave numerous branches to the skin of the medial surface of the metacarpus and its the last branches supplied the palmarabaxial  and palmaraxial  of the third digit.

Conclusions:The current study was tracking of the nerves of the distal forelimb  of  camels. This important for determination the areas of the nerve block to attain successful regional anesthesia of the this region including the skin, tendons and joints.

Keywords: Nerve Supply, Camels, Distal Forelimb, Cutaneous Innervation, Anatomical Study 


Full Text:

PDF

References


. Getty R. Nervous System of Domestic Animals. In Sisson and Grossman’s, The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals, 5th edition (Saunders) Philadelphia 1975; ISBN-13:978-072164102

. Dyce KM, Sack WO, Wensing CJG. Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy, 3rdedition. (WB Saunders Company) Philadelphia, New York 2002. pp3454.

. El-Shaieb M. The brachial plexus of the camel (Camelus dromedarius) Assuit Vet. Med. J.1967; Vol 3, No 5, pp 13-24.

. Smuts M, Bezuidenhout A. Anatomy of the Dromedary. Clarendon: Oxford University Press; 1987.

. Budras KD, Habel RE. Bovine Anatomy, An Illustrated Text, First Edition, Schlütersche, Verlagsgesellschaft. Hans-Böckler-Allee 7, 30173 Hannover, Germany 2009.

. Martin W and Bartholomew G. Essentials of anatomy and physiology 3ed USA Maxico 421, 2003.

. Tempest DH. Anatomical techniques 2ed. Roy Collage of surgeons of England Edinburgh and London, 1980; Pp126-127.

. Al-Sadi, S. Alosh G.and Al-Omari. Arterial , nerve supply and venous drainage

. of tendons with sheath and suspensory ligament to the distal part of limbs in camels. Al Baath University Journal. 2008; V 30, No 19, pp 53-76.

. Al-Sadi, S. Alosh G.and Al-Omari. Arterial and nerve supply and venous drainage of extensor and flexor digit tendons with sheath and suspensory ligament to the distal part of limbs in buffalo. Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 2009; V 23, No 1, pp 137-144.

. Waad SK.Anatomical histological study of the foot of endogenous buffaloes [ M sc thesis] Basrah:Basrah University;2007.

. Pasgunich SI. Anatomy of domestic animals systemic and regional approach. 7th. ed.:SNDZ publishing;1999. 415p.

. Ghoshal, N. G. and Getty, R. "Innervation of the Forearm and Foot in the Ox (Bos taurus), Sheep (Ovis aries) and Goat (Capra hircus),"Iowa State University Veterinarian.1967; Vol. 29 : Iss. , Article 6.

. Elmore RG. Foot animals region anesthesia bovina and nerve block.Vet Med Small Anil Clinic.1981.pp 82.

. Hassan A, Talozi M. Clinical anatomy upper and lower limbs. 6th. ed. Damascus press; 2007. 98p. 2.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Nova Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences ISSN 2292-793X (Online) Published by Nova Pub inc.

Nova Explore Publications
is a member of CrossRef.
DOI Prefix: 10.20286